Technical Courses in Disaster Response
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TECHNICAL COURSES IN DISASTER RESPONSE



1. Environmental Health in Emergencies (EHiE)


RedR India’s course on EHiE aims at improving participants' knowledge, skills and perspectives on environmental health risks in emergencies as well as principles of WASH programming in emergencies. This seven-days course is broadly divided into five parts.
The initial part of the course covers orientation to basic WASH concepts followed by discussion on risks of communicable diseases in emergencies and WASH needs assessment. The second part of the course then dwells with detailed discussions of each component of WASH programming and their relationship with ensuring environmental health. The third part of the course covers explanation of humanitarian standards in WASH programming as well as WASH cluster coordination. The fourth part of the course takes participants into practical exercises of emergency water supply, water quality testing, water treatment, emergency sanitation and scenario based exercises of solid, liquid waste management and vector control measures in an emergency situation. The last part of the course deals with hygiene promotion as a critical area of WASH programming. This part of the course helps participants to discuss different approaches of hygiene promotion with a specific emphasis on people centered hygiene messaging and community management of WASH services. This part of the course also helps participants to list and describe WASH NFI and hygiene kits.
The course is facilitated by experienced WASH emergency professionals including an engineer and a hygiene promoter, using mixed methods of interactive power point presentations, group work, practical exercises and demonstration.


2. Food Security & Nutrition in Emergencies (FSNiE)

The training module prepares development and humanitarian practitioners to address the demands of addressing food and nutrition issues in emergencies. The course covers a wide spectrum of issues relating to food security and nutrition and its linkages with other sectors. It looks at causes of food insecurity, malnutrition, assessments, planning and response. It will provide participants with technical and programming knowledge and information regarding delivering nutritional support services to those affected by humanitarian emergencies in the context of current food security debates and the relation between food security, nutrition, development and poverty. This training will also explain the humanitarian standards of food security, nutrition and food aid, as a universal benchmark that is used to plan programs. The training focuses on comprehensive food security, nutrition and food aid needs assessment and analysis, identification of appropriate interventions for food insecurity and nutrition in emergency and post emergency situations, and help learn designing, planning, implementation and monitoring of these interventions.


3. Health and Hygiene Promotion in Emergencies (HHPiE)
 


RedR India’s course on HHPiE focuses on building capacities of hygiene promoters with special reference to Risks of communicable diseases in emergencies, epidemiological concepts, Hygiene Improvement Framework and role of hygiene promoters. This course covers the theory, practice and developments in the ever evolving field of hygiene promotion. It builds from hands-on experience and draws substantially from the Global WASH Cluster Hygiene Promotion Project resources. The four-days course is broadly divided in three parts.
First part of the course provides basic orientation of hygiene promotion concepts, emergency scenario and risks of communicable diseases. This part also deals with a detailed discussion on role of hygiene promotion in comprehensive WASH intervention with special reference to Sphere standards. The second part of HHPiE deals with the discussion on hygiene promotion programming, assessment of risk behavior, communication planning and various approaches to hygiene promotion including Social Marketing, PHAST, CLTS and CHAST as well as BCC. This section also entails an opportunity for the participants to learn about dos and don’ts of communicating with communities and principles of hygiene promotion messaging for IEC material development. The third part of the training takes participants in a scenario based exercise where participants work on designing communication plans with community mobilization activities and developing IEC material with appropriate messaging.

The course is facilitated by experienced public health promoters, using mixed methods of interactive power point presentation, group work, practical exercise, group work, case studies and demonstration. 


4. Shelter and Settlement Planning in Disasters (SSPiD)


The overall objective of the course is to introduce non-specialist and specialist participants to settlement planning and shelter in disasters. It helps participants develop knowledge and skills to understand the impacts and related options for appropriate strategies and programmes for settling and sheltering populations affected by conflict and natural disasters. The breadth of emergency shelter and settlement options in disaster and conflicts are deliberated upon with case studies to understand strategies and approaches for responses in these diverse settings. The course covers a range of contextual settings from emergency programmes in planned and unplanned camps to host family support and longer term reconstruction and recovery projects. Disaster risk reduction in the shelter sector is incorporated as a cross cutting thematic. In this 6-day training participants also get to learn about the range of possible impacts of settlement and shelter on security, protection, community relations, public health, natural resource management and lifesaving sectors of emergency response such as WASH, Food and Nutrition and Health.
The course covers mechanisms and phases of coordination and response in this sector. Along with assessments, orientation is also provided on community approaches and participation as key components of sheltering practice. Relevant standards (Country specific, Sphere and UNHCR) and best practices in the application of these standards are also part of the course delivery. An overview of basic field survey and appropriate construction techniques, direct and contracted labour, project and site management, and the current range of materials for shelter provision in all phases of emergency response, including safe shelter and appropriate construction technologies in the context of disaster preparedness are also covered. There is also a practice based component to apply, view and learn about good shelter construction practices.


5. Engineering in Emergencies (EiE)
 


The course on Engineering in emergencies is specifically designed for Public health engineers working on field locations. The course provides detailed knowledge and skills with reference to WASH components. The learning process of seven days for Engineering in Emergencies unfolds in five sections. The first part provides detailed overview of humanitarian emergencies, the need for an engineering response in WASH with reference to environmental health. The second part of the course covers Water supply including specific topics like Water Quantity and Distance, Water source development, Water distribution Systems, Handpump maintenance, Water treatment and water quality monitoring. This part of the training also provides practical experience to the participants. The third part of the course covers Emergency Sanitation including Excreta disposal, Solid Waste Management, Wastewater Management and Vector control. This part of the course is facilitated using demonstrations and practical exercises for each topic. The fourth part of the course deals with the discussions on WASH NFIs, Hygiene promotion, Sphere standards, emergency needs assessment, humanitarian coordination and an overview of shelter and settlement. The last part of the learning process is facilitated using an intensive simulation where all the participants get opportunity to practice their learning with reference to WASH in emergencies. The course is facilitated by experienced emergency professionals including Shelter and WASH experts, using mixed methods of interactive power point presentations, group work, and scenario based exercises and demonstration.


6. Education in Emergencies (EdiE)
 


The course will enable participants to learn about the different components of education in emergencies, and develop critical skills to design and implement education responses in emergencies. The overall aim of the course is to build capacity of humanitarian workers and decision makers for Education in Emergency (EiE) interventions, and to improve the effectiveness and quality of education provided to children affected by natural disasters or civil strife.
At the inception, this training will engage with the background, rationale and framework for education in emergencies. Group exercises and discussions around cases/ examples from past emergencies will then lead into the section on INEE minimum standards and other foundational concepts. The training will provide introduction to the essential tools for rapid assessment and response planning with due emphasis on child participation in the risk reduction process. The next part of the training sessions will be on re-establishing education after initial response. Inducing DRR in the curriculum, continuity planning, child protection, policy development, advocacy, resumption of formal education and cross cutting issues like social structure and gender are some of the other sessions that will be covered. A simulation exercise will be conducted to give the participants a hands-on experience to apply the INEE minimum standards.


7. Child Protection in Emergencies (CPiE)


This training aims to build capacities of humanitarian workers to take appropriate action for child protection in an emergency, both in preparedness and for responses.
This course, at its inception, will establish a conceptual foundation for Child Protection by unpacking terminologies, models and the legal framework. These concepts are embedded in the Indian context through the use of relevant case studies and examples. Preliminary sessions have been designed to enable participants to identify vulnerable children, elucidate the different risks, and recognise the multiple stakeholders involved. Further, a combination of innovative and emerging knowledge sharing tools will equip participants with approaches for rapid assessment, coordination and advocacy in this area. Given the complexity of child protection in emergencies, this course seeks to expose participants to the different toolkits available; critically analyse responses in diverse scenarios; and anticipate roadblocks in each approach. More specifically, each stage of the project cycle is discussed, including assessment, design, implementation, monitoring, evaluation, and knowledge management. Further sessions provide detailed insight into sexual and gender-based violence, along with psycho-social responses.
With the recognition that knowledge is often created through debate and discussion, this course has been designed to facilitate interaction between practitioners who can share their experiences and collectively identify best practices. Further, a debate regarding the merits and demerits of need/resource-based planning versus rights-based planning, will help the participants recognize children as resources and innovate strategies for child participation.


8. First Aid and Personal Safety (FA & PS)
 


This course will be able to introduce the participants and provide an understanding on the meaning and significance of First Aid, the different types of situations that demand a First Aid Response and some of the different First Aid procedures, techniques and practices. The security component started with a general understanding of humanitarian security environment and then moved on to a management approach to security. The five steps of the security management framework were discussed in detail. There were specific sessions on some of the steps in the framework – context assessment, and threat and risk analysis.
The First Aid part of the training started with introduction to emergency first aid and more specifically about dos and don’ts of first aid, procedure for rapid assessment of casualty, followed by recovery position and CPR. The second session was on management of bleeding wounds using different types of bandages. The sessions were largely practical in nature, which gave opportunities to participants to practice the new learning.
The safety aspects pf the training explains about management of specific threats: security of premises, travel, and dealing with crowds and mobs. The session on abduction and hostage taking could not be covered due to time constraints. One of the key outputs of the training is the risk analysis matrix which the participants were able to come up with. Of course, this would require more work but it is a good starting point in the direction.

 
9. Public Health Response in Emergencies (PHRiE)
 


This course has been designed to prepare humanitarian personnel to address the needs of Public health in crisis which provides an overview of managing public health projects in emergencies, identifying key issue and key technical skills. This module intends to facilitate 'learning by doing' and to scale-up preparedness among public health professionals working in disaster-prone areas. Learning and sharing experiences, resources and skills through implementation for this training module will facilitate building up local and national capacities in mitigating negative impact of disasters especially on health on women and children. It further aims to reduce morbidity and mortality due to infectious disease outbreak among women and children by strengthening knowledge and skills of public health professionals on outbreak investigation and control.
This course will to provide an overview of what is considered to be “good practice” in the area of environmental sanitation during emergencies, how to convey information regarding site selection, shelter, water supply, human and non-human waste disposal, vector control, and drainage to a nontechnical audience in order to make them better-informed participants in discussion of emergency health policies. This course will also present different approaches to implementing environmental sanitation programs.
 

9. Children in Emergencies (CiE)
 


The course will enable participants to explore perspectives on children’s rights in emergencies and develop the critical skills to respond in a child-centred way.
The training will explain the participants to reestablishment of basic services, livelihoods, shelter, governance, security and the rule of law, environment and social dimensions including the reintegration of displaced population’s results in Early Recovery. It stabilizes human security and addresses underlying risks that contributed to the crisis. This multi-dimensional scaling up process, guided by development principles, aims to generate self-sustaining nationally owned and resilient processes for post-crisis recovery. Scaling up the humanitarian responses for ensuring Early Recovery involves a complex range of actions including overcoming behavioural, institutional and environmental impediments to service delivery. It cannot happen without an adequate understanding of the international protocols and best practices, enhanced collaboration between the stakeholders and greater harmonization between global initiatives and national strategies.
The training will provide analytical approaches and strategies to identify and address the unique needs and vulnerabilities of children in disasters, including making use of linkages between the development programming for children and the humanitarian response. The training will share the programmatic approach to for the child centred emergency response with clear understand about key international frameworks and protocols and apply them to programmes to address needs and vulnerabilities of children and care givers in disasters.

 

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